Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union and often regarded as the man who brought democracy to the then-communist-run European countries, passed away
Mikhail Gorbaciov: The man who restored democracy to Communist-ruled European nations, changed the world.
Mikhail Gorbaciov former head of the Soviet Union passed away at the age of 91
He is credited with ending the Cold War by bringing important political and economic changes to the USSR.
Gorbatschow is a leader who altered the course of history and briefly raised the prospect of superpower harmony.
The 91-year-old Mikhail Gorbatschow, former head of the Soviet Union who peacefully ended the Cold War, has passed away. He was the last leader of the Soviet Union. Gorbatschow passed away after a prolonged illness, according to Russian state news sources. The man who is credited with ending the Cold War by bringing important political and economic changes to the USSR. He was a remarkable leader who altered the course of history and briefly raised the prospect of superpower harmony.
According to Dmitry Peskov, Vladimir Putin's spokesperson, the Russian president expressed his condolences. Worldwide tributes have been paid, with United Nation’s Chief Antonio Guterres saying that Mikhail Gorbaciov has “changed the course of history.”
Gorbachev was born in Stalin's Russia, in a village in Stavropol Krai to an ethnic Russian family. His parents, who worked as peasants, were not well-off. On his mother's side, his family had Ukrainian heritage.
During the famine of 1930-33 (often classified as a genocide induced by Stalin), two of his paternal uncles and an aunt lost their lives.
He studied at his village school, which remained shut during a majority of the Second World War (1939-1945). One year after the victory of the Allied forces, he joined a Soviet political youth organisation called the Komsomol, also known as the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League.
In his Twitter tribute he quoted that “Mikhail Gorbaciov was a one-of-a-kind statesman,” “The world has lost a towering global leader, committed multilateralist, and tireless advocate for peace.”
Many of his fellow citizens loathed him and held him responsible for the Soviet Union's collapse and decline as a superpower in 1991. As 15 new countries were formed, the size of the Russian country that had emerged from its Soviet history decreased. The decline in dignity and authority finally contributed to the ascent of Vladimir Putin, who has worked over the past 25 years to bring Russia back to its former splendour and beyond.
“After decades of brutal political repression, he embraced democratic reforms. He believed in glasnost and perestroika - openness and restructuring not as mere slogans, but as the path forward for the people of the Soviet Union after so many years of isolation and deprivation" President Joe Biden said.
Biden added these were the acts of a rare leader “one with the imagination to see that a different future was possible and the courage to risk his entire career to achieve it. The result was a safer world and greater freedom for millions of people.”
Every textbook on Soviet history, or the history of the Cold War, remembers Gorbachev for these two terms – perestroika ("restructuring" or "reform") and glasnost ("openness").
His efforts to make the Soviet Union more democratic and his deliberate incorporations of capitalism to into the Soviet economy in order to rejuvenate it made sure that Gorbatschow's name went down in history as a reformer and a leader who tried to make a change despite all odds.
With glasnost, his main objective was a freer media. He famously said, in a 1986 speech, "Those who attempt to suppress the fresh voice, the just voice, according to old standards and attitudes, need to get out of the way."
Mighail Gorbachew received the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize for his part in putting an end to the Cold War, but although receiving much praise abroad, he was despised at home. It's uncertain how his passing will be greeted in Russia given that country's ongoing nationalist conflict in Ukraine. Leaders from around the world paid respect to a man who was hailed as a great and valiant leader